Confused about what to eat and what not to eat on Janmashtami fast? We are here to help you out!
Janamashtami also known as Gokulashtami, Krishnashtami is a Hindu festival celebrating the birth of Lord Krishna. All communities celebrate it with loud cheer and vigor.
All kinds of sweets and dishes are made as offerings to the Lord. Especially milk-based delicacies as it is said that Krishna liked them the most. And at midnight, when he was born, the offerings are made and fasts opened.
Importance of Janmashtami Fast
It is said that the Protector of the Universe, Lord Vishnu takes human forms in every yuga for the redemption of mankind. In treta-yuga, the almighty came to earth in the garb of Shri Krishna.
Janmashtami is formed by two words, ‘Janam’ and ‘Ashtami’. Janam means birth whereas Ashtami means the eighth day. Lord Krishna was born on the eighth day of the Bhadon month as per the Hindu calendar.
To celebrate the joyous occasion of Lord Krishna’s birth, Janmashtami is celebrated with much fervor and ecstasy across all Hindu communities.
In the year 2022, Janamashtami is being celebrated on the 18th of August. It is said to be the 5249th birth anniversary of Lord Krishna. The ardent followers always make a not of the exact auspicious timings in order to see blessings of God.
Janmashtami 2022 Puja Timings
- Ashtami Tithi begins at 09:20 pm on August 18, 2022.
- Ashtami Tithi ends at 10:59 pm on August 19, 2022.
Why Janmashtami is Celebrated 2 Days?
We often see that Krishna Janamashtmi is listed on two consecutive days. Well, the first one is for Smarta Sampradaya and the other one is for Vaishnava Sampradaya.
The Vaishnava Sampradaya date comes after the Smarta Sampradaya. When Janamashtmi falls on a single date, it means that both Sampradayas (communities) have observed Janamashtmi on the same date.
Usually, a person is a follower of either of these communities, Vaishnavism or Smartism. Dharmasindhu and Nirnaysindhu are the two Hindu religious texts that define the rules to fix Janmashtami Day.
Although the main difference is that Vaishnava people prefer Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra and never observe Janmashtami on Saptami Tithi.
Whereas Janmashtami day according to Smarta rules always falls on Saptami or Ashtami Tithi on the Hindu calendar.
What To Do on Janmashtami 2022?
On the day of Janmashtami, there is a set course of activities followed by most people. It includes all the things mentioned in the scripts.
- Morning Duties
It is said that waking up during the ‘Brahma-mahurat’ is important. ‘Brahma-Mahurat’ is about an hour before sunrise. One should wake up and bathe properly.
- Mantra Meditation
After bathing, one should chant the name of the Lord and meditate while reciting the Krishna maha-mantra as many times as possible. It is believed to calm the soul.
It is up to each individual the mode of fasting they choose. Also, if you are not well it is recommended to let go of fasting. Health is above all.
- Krishna Abhishek
This is when Lord Krishna idols are bathed and dressed. They are bathed in a defined manner using certain things. The idols are cleansed nicely.
- Sringaar and Bhoga
Sringaar is decorating the idols with new dresses and fresh-flowered garlands. They are presented with milk and other delicacies as an offering, Bhoga.
Last but not least aarti is performed. Bhajans are sung about the glorious feats of Lord Krishna throughout His lifetime.
Then again at midnight, the aarti is performed welcoming him to the world. This is when the fasts are opened.
Types of Janmashtami Fast
The fasting ritual is almost the same as any other. But different people observe fast differently. Some do not even touch a drop of water while others refuse to consume any grains. Some just eat fruits and milk.
There are majorly two types of Fasts that are observed:
- Nirjala Fast
The Nirjala Fast is the one where the devotee does not consume anything the whole day. They do not even drink water. They completely devote themselves to the feet of the Lord.
Spending the day chanting Lord’s name, they seek solace. Also, they prefer to cook the bhoga themselves.
- Phalahaar Fast
Most people observe the Phalahaar kind of fast. In this kind, they only eat raw fruits and drink milk. Even the milk is plain and boiled without sugar.
This way they get energy all day and do not break their devotion too. Elderly and the sick prefer this way.
What To Eat and What Not To Eat on Janmashtami Fast?
All the rules that are followed during Ekadashi fasting are to be followed during Janmashtami’s fasting too. One should not consume grains during Janamashtmi fasting until the fast is broken on the next day after sunrise.
Parana means breaking the fast. During Krishna Janamashtmi fasting, Parana is done on the next day after sunrise when Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra are over.
If sometime the next day, Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra don’t get over before Sunset then the fast can be broken during day time when either Ashtami Tithi or Rohini Nakshatra is over.
Sometimes it happens that neither Ashtami Tithi nor Rohini Nakshatra is over before Sunset or even Hindu midnight, then one should wait to get them over before breaking the fast.
Devotees who are not able to follow two days of fasting should break their fasting the next day after sunrise.
Things You Can Eat on Janmashtami Fast
- All fruits
- All nuts
- Oils made from nuts
- Buckwheat (Singhade ka atta)
- Black pepper
- Fresh salt
- Fresh turmeric
- Sweet potatoes
Things You Should Avoid on Janmashtami Fast
- Eggplants (baingan)
- All Types of Beans
- Karela (Bitter Lemon)
- Bhindi (Lady Fingers)
- Banana Flower
- All Types of Dal
- Sesame Seeds (til)
- Cumin Seeds (jeera)
- Asafoetida (hing)
- Fenugreek seeds (methi dana)
- Mustard Seeds (Sarson)
- Tamarind (imli)
- Fennel (saunf)
- Celery (ajwain)
- Poppy Seeds (Khas Khas)
- Kalonji Seeds
- Cardamom (ilaichi)
- Cloves (long)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Tea and coffee are not considered to be sajal fast. It is recommended that you drink plain milk instead.
Wednesday is said to be the of Lord Krishna. He is offered Tulsi leaves and green is the preferred color if the day.
No, it is not allowed to eat salt when fasting for Janmashtami.
Janamashtami is a day dedicated to celebrating the birth anniversary of Lord Krishna. It is celebrated with loud excitement and cheerful festivities across the country.
Many plays are staged, houses decorated, kids dressed, and people fast.
Sweet delicious dishes are cooked for prasad as an offering for Lord Krishna.
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