difference between curd and yogurt

Difference Between Curd And Yogurt

Curd or yogurt? Are you also confused between the two? Or do you think that they are the same and synonyms to the same white dairy product? Maybe because they look the same, right?

You are not alone in this dilemma. About half the population is confused between curd and yogurt and so were we. Hence, we decided to explore the two and bust all the misconceptions. 

How Is Curd Different From Yogurt?

The popular myth goes like, “What curd is to India, yogurt is to the west.” But there is a reason why it is a myth and not a fact. Undoubtedly, curd and yogurt are different but there is a fine line.

The fine line is thick enough for two reasons. One is the method of preparation and another being the bacterial strains that kickstart the fermentation process.

Due to the different bacteria that initiate the fermentation, there is a slight variation in the nutritional properties of curd and yogurt. This is the reason why the health-conscious world weighs more towards yogurt. 

  1. Method Of Preparation

Curd is obtained by coagulating milk in a process called curdling. The coagulation is caused by adding an edible acidic substance such as lemon juice or vinegar, then allowing it to coagulate.

The increased acidity causes the milk proteins i.e. casein to entangled into solid masses that is curd. Also, milk that has been left to sour with a dash of lactic acid will naturally produce curds.

On the other hand, yogurt is made by heating milk to a temperature that denatures its proteins. This process is known as scalding, essential for making yogurt. 

Then, it is allowed to cool off enough not to kill the live microorganisms that turn the milk into yogurt. The motive is to let the started culture be live and act on milk.

  1. Bacteria Initiating Fermentation

In curd, the bacteria that initiates curdling is lactobacillus. The sour substance containing lactic acid added to milk is rich in lactobacillus. This bacteria is responsible for milk turning to curd.

On the other hand, commercial firms producing yogurt use a starter culture to get the process going. Streptococcus Thermophilus and Lactobacillus Bulgaricus are the key microorganisms that constitute the starter culture.

Which Is Better Curd Or Yogurt?

This is a long debate that has been in the limelight ever since greek yogurts became the big hit that they are now. However, on most stands, they are equivalent to each other. 

Hence, there is no question as to which is better. Curd and yogurt both have their individual sets of benefits. Let us look at them:

Benefits Of Curd

  • Cooling Nature: Curd has a cooling nature. It helps in neutralizing the heat produced by certain foods and spices. 
  • Prevents Acne: Another aid of curd’s cooling nature is that it prevents the formation of pimples and bumps. 
  • Antioxidants and Anti-Inflammatory: Curd has antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that prevent allergies and soothes the existing ones.
  • Better Nutrient Absorption: Our digestive system absorbs the nutrients such as calcium, iron, potassium, and vitamin B6 in presence of curd efficiently. This is why curd is accompanied with most Indian meals.
  • Digestive Properties: People with digestive disorders like indigestion, constipation, and acidity are also curable with curd. This is due to the presence of healthy gut bacteria.
  • Stronger Immunity: Consuming curd daily builds up a strong immune system. This wall is very difficult for the disease-causing germs and viruses to penetrate.
  • Healthy and Glowing Skin: Curd moisturizes the surface of the skin and helps to lighten blemishes.
  • Strong Hair: Curd hair masks are very popular among ladies. The lactose in the curd fights off dandruff and rejuvenates the scalp.

Benefits Of Yogurt

  • High Protein Amounts: Yoghurt is rich in protein and hence, dominates fitness diets. Especially the greek yogurt is the powerhouse of protein that helps in building and improving your core muscle strength. 
  • Weight Loss: It is incredibly beneficial for people who want to shed some extra inches. It aids in faster weight loss.
  • Stronger Immunity: Due to the presence of plenty of healthy bacteria, daily consumption of yogurt will boost one’s immunity and keep diseases at bay. 
  • Healthy Heart: Yogurt has hints of good fat that helps in keeping your heart healthy. It helps to keep the heart rate and blood pressure in check.
  • Consumable by Lactose-Intolerant: The biggest advantage of yogurt is that it can be consumed by people who are lactose intolerant. 
  • Stronger Gut: Regular consumption of greek yogurt improves the gut strength appreciably.
  • Prevents Osteoporosis: Yoghurt has appreciable amounts of calcium which serves a good fraction of our daily requirements. This prevents osteoporosis, a situation due to the lack of calcium.
  • Increases Metabolism: Yoghurt and its bacteria culture are very active. This promotes a faster metabolism rate.

Can Curd Be Used Instead Of Yogurt?

People tend to think that curd and yogurt are synonymous with each other. However, the fact is that they are not. The two are prepared differently which makes them differ in their properties.

Yogurt is better for weight loss and dietary practices. On the other hand, curd has properties that prove beneficial for skin and hair. Hence, it might not be right to replace one with another.

Recipes that include curd or yogurt will taste just the same by replacing one with another if it isn’t the main constituent. For example, many baking recipes, include curd as an ingredient. It is okay to use yogurt too.

Curd Vs Yogurt: Which Is Better For Weight Loss?

As we have mentioned earlier, curd and yogurt do not vary much in their nutrient content. However, the most prominent difference is the protein constituent.

Greek yogurt or simply yogurt has almost double the amounts of protein than traditional curd. This is the reason why it is recommended extensively in diets.

People devoted to weight loss should definitely choose yogurt over curd. Including yogurt in your diet is a very simple and delicious way of managing your protein sources for the day.

Nutritional Facts For Curd

  • Total Calories: 61.1 kcal
  • Carbohydrates: 4.7g
  • Fats: 3.3g
  • Cholesterol: 13.3mg
  • Sodium: 46mg
  • Potassium: 155.8mg
  • Protein: 3.5g
  • Calcium: 12.4% of the daily requirement

Nutritional Facts For Yogurt

  • Total Calories: 63 kcal
  • Carbohydrates: 7g
  • Fats: 1.6g
  • Cholesterol: 6mg
  • Sodium: 70mg
  • Potassium: 234mg
  • Protein: 5.3g
  • Calcium: 14% of the daily requirements

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can we use curd instead of yoghurt in a smoothie?

No, you cannot. Yogurt and curd are two different types of dairy products with different properties. The main idea why most people are adding yogurt is because it will give their smoothie a good amount of fats from the milk. Curd has probiotic properties that cut down on the fat.

Can we use curd instead of yoghurt on the face?

Yes, the two can be used interchangeably. Curd and yogurt both possess anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Hence, they are the go-to remedy for acne and pigmentation.

Can curd be used instead of yoghurt for cake batter?

Substitute yogurt for just about any dairy product in cake recipes. Milk, buttermilk, cream, sour cream, and creme fraiche can all be replaced by yogurt in equal proportions.

Can I use milk instead of yoghurt in a smoothie?

Yes, you can replace yogurt with milk in a smoothie. However, if you are vegan or lactose intolerant make sure you use plant-based milk instead. Using milk would give your smoothie the same flawless creamy texture as yogurt though the consistency might be a little runny depending on the amount of milk you use.

How long should I wait to drink milk after eating yoghurt?

It is advised by health practitioners to have a gap of at least 2 hours between consuming milk and curd. Curd might be a healthy dairy product, however, the combination of two healthy products isn’t always healthy.

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