Dairy products like cheese, butter, paneer, yogurt, cream are incorporated in every second dish of famous platters. Although it is a tad bit hard to not mistake one for another.
Well, no worries! We have been guiding you around your kitchen and are here to do the same today! Here we come to list out the differences between cheese, butter, and paneer.
Cheese is made by curdling milk. It is prepared by the process of acidification in which bacteria are added to milk which converts the lactose into lactic acid. Butter is made by churning milk cream by hands in a pot. This process separates butterfat, fats present in milk, and buttermilk. Paneer is made by heating milk over 200 degrees Fahrenheit and then adding some common type of acid like lemon juice and vinegar to it.
Everyone loves everything cheesy, don’t we? But what exactly is cheese? Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk and made in numerous flavors and textures.
It is said that there are seven kinds of cheese but that’s not exactly true. There are over a hundred varieties that can be found in Paris’ cheese shops or fromageries.
How is Cheese Made?
Cheese is made from the milk of a cow, a buffalo, or a goat. It is prepared by the process of acidification. Bacteria in the milk cause this acidification.
It is the acidification that gives the cheese its unique taste and texture.
When cheese is made, it also goes through an emulsification process. This process guarantees for it to stay fresh for longer periods.
Cheese has a long shelf life of up to 6 months when stored in the right manner. It is preferred to be stored in a freezer at all times.
There are many types of cheese we know of including cheddar, mozzarella, feta, brie, parmesan, and more. The individual preparation process of each varies but the basic steps are the same.
Buttery parathas are every Indian’s weakness. Butter is a dairy product made from the fat and proteins obtained from the milk. It is semi-solid at low temperatures and melts easily at room temperature.
There are many variations of butter available in the market including white, yellow, salted, clarified, and more. Also, each of them has a separate fanbase.
Butter has a mild taste inherently which varies with each of its variety. It has a highly used commodity in kitchens across the globe.
How is Butter Made?
Traditionally butter is made by churning milk cream by hands in a pot. This process separates butterfat, fats present in milk, and buttermilk.
Separating the buttermilk from the butter is what gives the butter a more solid texture. Churning is the basic action, commercially further processing renders the final product that we buy from the stores.
The shelf life of butter isn’t as long as that of cheese. It hardly lasts three months when stored appropriately. Butter is easily spreadable and tastes heaven no matter what is it paired with.
Indian cuisine will be rendered lifeless if not for paneer or as the west calls it cottage cheese. Paneer is a white spongey dairy product made from milk.
Paneer is quite similar to cheese when it comes to its preparation. Hence, it is also known as farmer’s cheese. It is very soft and said to be unaging which is ironic as it has the shortest shelf life.
How is Paneer Made?
Paneer is made from milk and all other dairy products however it is heated to over 200 degrees Fahrenheit when prepared.
Then it is added to some acid to coagulate the milk. The most common types of acids used are lemon juice and vinegar.
In the case of paneer, there is no emulsification step. Hence, it is a highly perishable product. Its shelf life is very short spanning three days beyond which it perishes.
Macros: Cheese vs Butter vs Paneer
The following are the nutritional values for 100gm of each:
- Calories: 403kcal
- Carbohydrates: 3.4g
- Sugars: 0.5g
- Fat: 33g
- Cholesterol: 99mg
- Protein: 23g
- Sodium: 653mg
- Calcium: 710mg
- Potassium: 76mg
- Iron: 0.14mg
- Calories: 714kcal
- Carbohydrates: 0.1g
- Sugars: 0.1g
- Fat: 84g
- Cholesterol: 217mg
- Protein: 0.8g
- Sodium: 637g
- Potassium: 23.8mg
- Calcium: 1.8%
- Iron: 0.1%
- Calories: 300kcal
- Carbohydrates: 3g
- Sugars: 2.3g
- Fat: 23.8g
- Cholesterol: 69mg
- Protein: 18g
- Sodium: 751.1mg
- Potassium: 129mg
- Calcium: 43.5%
- Iron: 1.1%
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